symptoms and treatments of swine flu
Swine flu:- Swine flu is a disease that usually infects through pig (swine). It is a human respiratory infection by an influenza strain. That is started by a pig. The causes of swine flu is an influenza virus with H1N1. This virus was first observed in Mexico, in April 2009. Since it was mainly found infecting people and two main antigens, H1 – Hemagglutinin type 1, N1 – Neuraminidase type 1.
It should be termed Novel H1N1 flu. Now it is also known as pandemic H1N1 Influenza.
Symptoms:- Fever, sneezing, coughing, difficulty in breathing, sore throat, fatigue.
Causes of swine flu
The H1N1 virus is the main cause of swine flu. A new influenza strain was named influenza H3N2V. Mainly children’s are infected in the year 2012-2013. The flu will often comings with the pig.But it will effect commonly in the winter or seasons of flu also. The influenza virus(type A, B, C) first developed RNA with a segmented genome. This is the RNA existing with eight different RNA segment.
One strand derived – human flu strand
Two strands derived – avian (bird) flu strand
Five strand derived – swine strand
Transmission period for swine flu
Swine flu is transmitted from one person to another by inhalation or ingestion of droplets containing the virus from it when people coughing or sneezing.
The approximate incubation period is 1 to 4 days or some cases 1 to 7 days also. In the case of children’s and very weak people contagious period for a longer time. Because their immune system is so poor.
Treatment and drug:- The two antiviral drugs are mainly used. These are (Tamiflu-oseltamivir), (Relenza-zanamivir). But these medicines only shorten the duration of this disease, not cure it.
Prevention’s of swine flu:- The vaccine will help to reduce the spread of it. Vaccines are available in the type of injections or nasal spray. When sneezing or coughing cover the mouth properly. Washing hands thoroughly and frequently whenever come back from our side. Avoid crowd in flu season if possible.
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